Checking your paper for grammar, spelling, and stylistic mistakes is called proofreading. Down below, there is constructive advice on how to do properly.
Make certain that you have revised the major points of your work. You should not start correcting mistakes in separate sentences until you organize the whole paper properly. It means that you need to write the paper, structure it and then begin proofreading it.
It is useful to put your completed paper aside and have some rest before proofreading it. In this way, you will be able to find and correct mistakes easily.
Before you start the proofreading procedure, you need to be sure that your paper is clear and does not contain irrelevant information. Be sure that you know what paper flaws to look for. Pay attention to your professor’s comments on previous texts and list the errors you may need to correct.
It is better to print your paper and then proofread it. However, you may use a computer as well if it is more convenient for you. There are different computer programs using which you will not have problems with proofreading your work.
Read the text aloud. Thus, you will easily identify incoherent sentences and find the made mistakes. Use a ruler in order not to confuse the lines you are reading. This is a very simple and efficient way of noticing all mistakes.
If you work on the computer, you should use the “Search” function to find the possible errors. For example, in order not to confuse “whose” and “who’s,” you should look for “who”. In the same way, you may search punctuation marks, etc. If you know that you always make a lot of errors, you should check the paper for each type of mistake separately. Start with the major mistakes and move to the secondary ones.
For example, first, you may read the sentences and check whether the subject and predicate are in the right position. Then, you may read the text again and check whether all punctuation marks are placed correctly.
The last stage is a check for spelling. You may either use a computer checker or read the paper backwards word by word. Note that homonyms or typos (e.g., “were,” “where”) will not be highlighted as mistakes by a computer checker.