Crime is the act or omission which violates the rules of a state and the violator gets punishment from the state. When children commit a crime, they do not get prosecuted in the court of law. Many states have found ways of dealing with the delinquents like juvenile detention centers and approved school. Youth crimes receive proper attention from the media and politicians. Some of the juvenile delinquents engage in delinquent behavior because of their past life and social back ground. Many theories have explained the concept of juvenile crimes. There some things which make young people engage in criminal activities. Conduct disorder, which develops in children in their young ages, makes them have problems with handling life situation. This makes those children adopt irresponsible behavior. Family back ground can contribute to juvenile delinquency. Research shows that children from single parent family develop delinquent behavior. Peer influence is another factor which contributes to juvenile crimes. Many children adopt delinquent behavior when they join schools and colleges (Walklate, 2003).
Problem statement. Juvenile crime is a common problem affecting many states. It reduces the economic growth of the states which have more children engaging in criminal activities. Both girls and both commit dependents on the type of crime, because their same crimes, which children of the same sex tend to commit. The government tends to eliminate the crime by correcting the children who engage in criminal activities and provide education to those innocent to prevent them from adopting criminal activities.
Independent, dependent variables and hypothesis. The research will focus on independent and variables like age, gender and time of the commission of the crime. The depended variable will be the commission of crime and the effects of the crime committed by the children to their lives. The hypothesis is the School performance of children between the age of twelve and eighteen gets affected by juvenile crime (Day, 2007).
Background information of the study. One of the most outstanding features of many studies on this topic shows that most offenders are men, or boys for that matter. Some argue that, because of their masculinity, boys tend to be daring, aggressive, competitive, and tough. They do this in an endeavor to express their muscularity. Some other like Walklate: 2003, believe that young men act that way because they are naturally daring, competitive, and aggressive, other than due to the reason of being compelled to conform to the social expectations. Therefore, the fact that sexually related crimes top the list of juvenile crimes comes as no surprise. Sexual crimes can be described as sexually abusive behavior, which takes place in opposition of the consent or will of the juvenile, and occurs in characteristically exploitative, aggressive or manipulative manner.
For instance, in the US, 30% to 60% of all cases of child sexual abuse were caused by juveniles (longo and Prescott). Still, the FBI’s uniform crime reports show that 16.7% of forced rapes and 20% of all the other sexual offenses were caused by juveniles. Studies also indicate that a fifth of all sexual offenses are committed by individuals who are under the age of 18 years. Studies from the office of juvenile justice and delinquency prevention (OJJDP) show that in 2006, Juveniles constituted 15% of those arrested for forcible rape. Reports also indicate that this number decreased over the years. In Australia, juvenile rates have significantly dipped. This can be attributed to diversion of minors from the courts into various interventions that consist of cautions, warnings and conferences. In fact, the number of juveniles being aligned in courts has reduced by a whooping 40% due to this initiative.
Some people feel that such steps only serve to make the youths more dangerous, as they feel that offenders are neither adequately punished nor sufficiently corrected. However, figures from the short term crimes shift strongly challenge this view. A nagging issue in juvenile law in many legal systems is the one that deals with penalties. Studies have shown that the current systems of penalties in many countries do not serve their purpose of dissuading minors from committing crimes. Some feel that tougher penalties should be put into place to correct that inadequacy. This cannot work since it does not address the causes of crime. Some of the strongest juvenile crime predictors in the world are neglect and poverty. If these are not adequately addressed by the system, then punitive responses will not solve the problem (martin, 2009).
Research design. The groups of the research will be experimental control. The participants will be assigned randomly in order to measure the variables of the research. The age and effect of crime to the juveniles will get measured and get determined as compared to the effects of crime to adults and the rate of crime committed. In order, to investigate the effects of juvenile crime the researcher will use experimental research design to determine all aspect of crime committed by juveniles. The variables will be measured by use of a questioner and interview. The participate will fill in a questioner form and interview will be contacted to question on various aspect concerning juvenile crime. The research will face some limitations, and by use of experimental research, some of the limitations will be eliminated. Case study will be contacted on the group of juveniles engaged in criminal activities heir guardians. The research will focus on all crimes committed by juvenile, and it will use flexible (quantitative) research design (Larry and Siegel, 240).
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