US Justice System
The US justice system is critical to the deterrence and mitigation of crimes while maintaining social control of governmental practices and institutions. The justice system seeks to sanction the violation of law by imposing punishment, penalties and rehabilitative measures on criminal offenders. Therefore, it is critical for the various law enforcement agencies, courts and correctional agencies to work together. It is crucial for these functions to work together in the control and prevention of crimes. The US justice system comprises an array of functions which work together as components of a single unit in the administration of justice.
The law is critical in defining the justice system of any government. Therefore, the constitution provides that the law shall be the basis under which order and the governance of the society are maintained. The law is a significant aspect of the correctional and justice systems. The law dictates what action constitutes a crime punishable by either method described by the constitution. Hence, the legislative arm of the government is responsible for ensuring that laws are in place for the adjudication of the various crimes (PCS, 2011).
The law courts are essential in the adjudication of crimes being committed. However, the courts are segregated on the jurisdictional basis of state and federal courts. Each court system adjudicates on the crimes committed under their jurisdiction. For instance, the state courts deal with cases that result from daily routines and activities within the state; however, federal court is at the ebbs towards cases relating to violations of federal laws (Wilson, 2010). These include fraud in government, crimes that are orchestrated across the state line or issues relating to federal employees. The courts are critical in the justice system since they determine the extent of punishment or correctional action to be taken against the offender.
The correctional agencies, on the other hand, have the responsibility of ensuring that the appropriated sentence is administered within the bounds of the law; while ensuring that the offender is subjected to equitable justice under the law. The correctional agencies ensure that the criminals are prevented from committing further crimes; while imposing rehabilitative measures aimed at rehabilitating criminals in preparation for their reintegration into the society.
Corrections Criminal and Social Justice (Background Information.)
Correction agencies in America are a significant part of the United States’ criminal justice system. Prison is defined as institutions created for housing convicted, adult felons, serving a sentence of one year or more (Seiter, 2011). The purpose of the justice system is to enforce and ascertain public safety. Therefore, the corrections agencies are mandated to dispense justice in the form of punishment by various sentences while ensuring that criminal reformation initiatives are implemented to ensure the safe assimilation of the convicts into the society. The US criminal and social justice system is responsible for the implementation of polices that aim at balancing the applied correctional, rehabilitative controls and procedures. The strategic implementation of policies that ensure that minor offenders and released convicts are subject to regulatory, social monitoring is critical.
The social justice aspect ensures that, despite the crimes committed, the convicts are subjected to fair and equitable treatment under the law. The service delivery of criminal and social justice is essential to the policies that represent the perspective of social workers in effective service delivery, procedures and reforms (Wilson, 2010). Given the dynamics facing the jail population trends, the correction systems require that the input of other agencies to ascertain their input be effective in its mandated responsibilities. The failure of the correction systems in deterring future crimes is reflected on the justice system as the failure on the whole system. Therefore, the criminal and social justice system functionality's optimization is by inclusive policy making; while re-evaluating the existing systems to identify weakness and corrective measures is crucial. The social workers are significant in establishing that criminals are rehabilitated effectively, while ascertaining that the released convicts do not pose a danger to society.
Thesis Statement. The significance of the correctional systems in the US is critical. However, the success of the correctional agencies depends on the established correctional facility’s ability to hold, administer and maintain the allocated number of criminals efficiently. The increasing jail population trends are at an alarming rate leading to congested correctional facilities and inadequate systems, disproportionate manpower and failing control measures. The correctional and rehabilitative measures being implemented in jails have not contributed to significant change in the assimilation of the released convicts into the society. The efficiency and effectiveness of the rehabilitation programs in correctional facilities have not aided in the mitigation of the high inmates’ turnover.
The correctional facilities are characterized by high population leading to overcrowding and prisoners’ management problems. Statement: The inadequacy of the correctional facilities in effective and efficient rehabilitation of inmates has led to increased inmates’ turnover rates; hence, the rehabilitative programs implemented in the jails systems have failed in their purpose and function. It is essential to address these failures in the corrections, criminal and justice systems in a bid to identify the optimal choice in strategic policies, procedures and tools being implemented to mitigate the problems facing the US justice systems.
This paper will provide a proposed solution in regards to the issues that plague the correctional agencies within the criminal justice system. It will examine the relationship of social justice and the operations of the criminal justice system to include security, issues related to various correctional institutions, incarceration, and release. Social and criminal justice theories will be analyzed in relation to the United States constitution as well as diversity in relation to corrections. It will assess the centralization of agencies and programs aimed at reducing the recidivism rate while discussing the rehabilitative programs in correctional institutions. It will address the current approaches and new proposals which are aimed to protect society while reforming the current correction policies.
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