Disk Management and Maintenance
The Hard Disk Drive is one of the most important and yet mysterious parts of a computer system. The hard disk of our computer is more than just a storage device; it is a requiring constant maintenance. Therefore, we should use Disk Cleanup, Diskpart, Defragmentation, Disk Management Console to increase the functionality and the performance of the hard disk.
Disk Cleanup generates the possibility of our computer faster running, while free up the space disk. The utility Disk Cleanup was designed to automate the process of analyzing and identifying files that are no longer needed or used by operating system. These files may consist of installation files and folders, temporary files, Internet files and recycle bin. Disk Cleanup finds and acompresses older files thereby the amount of space is reduced on the hard drive. The Disk Cleanup tool also offers to remove old backups or unused programs installed on the hard drive. There is a benefit that free space on the hard drive is made available for other programs or files that need it. Moreover, Microsoft Support Center warned the users of employing this option with caution. Plus, Disk Cleanup tool gives the option to remove all but the most recent restore points for a computer. Usually multiple restore points are created by default to ensure there is a point a computer can be restored to in case of a unnoticed problem that suddenly presents itself.
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Diskpart is another Microsoft’s utility increasing the functionality and performance of a HDD. It was reported that “Diskpart is a tool introduced by Microsoft, to extend the data volumes in Windows 2000, Windows XP and Windows 2003.”(New Technology, June 16, 2006.) It is a command line utility to extend the existing partitions by using the unallocated space displayed in Disk Management. The benefit of partitioning realizes in isolation the operating system from other files. Partitioning gives the possibility to organize the file setup on our drive. Meanwhile, the designer acknowledged that “the basic disk can be empty, contain basic partitions or logical disk. The disk may be with data, system or boot disk, but should not be composed of fault-tolerant sets (FtDisk), such as striped or mirrored sets” (New Technology, 2006). To convert basic disks, which contain sets of FtDisk, use Disk Management in Windows 2000, or convert the drive before you upgrade to Windows
XP. According to (Support. microsoft) “there is a possibility to convert a dynamic disk to a basic disk, however, any dynamic volumes should be deleted before this process. Never delete partitions on a dynamic disk, but if there is an urgent case. It is recommended not to use the dynamic partitions and the prime basic partitions on the same drive, because the computer may not to restart”. With Diskpart you can remove the missing dynamic disks. Dynamic disks contain a part of a common database, therefore, each dynamic disk has information about other dynamic disks on the computer. If you move a dynamic disk the initial computer grips it lacking.
Over time and with regular use, files and folders on a computer’s hard drive break down or become defragmented. When computer files are fragmented, they are disorganized. As a result the Operating System (OS) runs slowly and detects the processing problems states Support. microsoft. Defragmenting the computer gathers and reunites the files, which usually improves overall performance. During the work a computer program must access various files, which frequently are spread out on opposite sides, the computer will have extra time to access the information. It happened the defragmenting severe was the reason of entirely program stop running. Defragmenting also referred to as “defragging” revises the hard drive by putting pieces of connected data back together that organize a contiguous sort. As a result, the computer system can access files more efficiently. By efficiently organized files and folders, defragmenting will leave the computer’s free space in one big chunk. The best way to ensure maximum performance from our drive is to regularly – weekly or biweekly – defragment it ( is also called optimizing). For the best result of optimizing on a regular basis the Defragmentation follows after Disk Clean Up. Here, it should be ensured that Screen Saver does not interrupt Defragmentation process.
C. Anderson, (2003) informedthat “The administrative console Disk Management in Windows 2000 replaced the utility of Windows NT Disk Administrator, through which the experienced users can create, delete and change the parameters of the volumes on the physical disks. We can find it when open the Administrative Tools and select Computer Management-Storage-Disk Management. Thereby, the new conception of basic and dynamic disk appeared in Windows 2000”.(Windows 2000 Magazine, 2003). It is considered now that disk is any media which is capable to store the information. The hardware drive and volume are named the sections of these disks.
Typical basic disks are those hard drives, which subsystem support Windows NT 4.0; by default, all t hard disks are basic. On the basic disk drives can be arranged simple volumes, such as basic disk partitions, extended partitions and logical drives. However, it is impossible to create new multiplate volumes. For their great importance it is needed to create the dynamic disk, which are supported by logical volume management. It is possible automatically convert the basic disk to the dynamic by means of the command the Upgrade Dynamic Disk. For Dynamic Volumes, the unallocated space can be any empty space on any Dynamic disk on the system. Dynamic disk have their features is the citation fromWindows 2000 Magazine, (2003). First, these discs are only available for Windows 2000, and more for any other operating system. “Regardless of the disk type—basic or dynamic—you can use any file system you want, including FAT or NTFS. However, you can make volume changes to dynamic disks without having to reboot the system. We can create the different types of volumes with a dynamic disk: Simple volumes, Spanned volumes, Striped volumes, Mirrored volumes, RAID 5 volumes” was stated by S. Lowe, (2005). (Techrepublic, 2005).
According to B. Chronister’s, (2004) explanation the advantage of dynamic disks is that you can create a volume that spans disks; you can create RAID 1 and RAID 5 volumes in Windows Server 2003 and Win2K Server. The disadvantage of dynamic disks is that you must delete all volumes on a dynamic disk before you can revert the disk back to a basic disk. Another major disadvantage of dynamic disks is the near absence of tools to fix the disk if it has corrupt sectors on it. (Windowsitpro, 2004).
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