Cyberbullying Research Paper Example
Cyber Bullying and Psychological Effects
There is a substantial amount of research on cyber bullying and its psychological effects among individuals. In line with research, there is an enormous amount of previous work examining the subject of cyber bullying and its psychological effects. The increasing level of technology has played an instrumental role in increasing the level of cyber bullying all over the globe hence making it an important area of study. This paper reviews the previous literature relating to cyber bullying and its psychological effects among individuals.
Baker and Tanrikulu (2010) conducted a study to examine the effects of cyber bullying among students of different ages in Turkish secondary schools. This research entailed the use of 165 participants (71 males and 94 females) from different secondary schools in Turkey. The participants were aged between 10 and 14 years and they formed a crucial part of the research to examine depressive symptoms emanating from cyber bullying. The results of the study revealed that the level of depression emerging from cyber bullying varies with age and gender among individuals. Depressive symptoms were more pronounced among the youngest victims and female victims. According to Baker and Tanrikulu (2010), the cyber bullying has enormous psychological effects among young individuals, as they tend to feel more abandoned and hated by their mates and the overall society. The high levels of depression suffered by the affected students tended to have a large effect on their academic performance in their schools. The research by Baker and Tanrikulu (2010) justifies the fact that cyber bullying is a dangerous practice that has severe psychological effects on the victim, especially young individuals and females. The research is crucial because it takes into consideration cyber bullying among teenagers and the manner in which depression levels change with age and gender.
According to the study conducted by Cowie (2011), cyber bullying is becoming a common practice in the contemporary world with the increasing level of technology. They assert that cyber bullying emanates from peer groups and are always aimed at creating a negative image of the victim. The results from the research indicated that the increasing levels of cyber bullying all over the globe have continuously affected the emotional orientation of victims and some individuals have ended up hating themselves completely because of the messages and images posted about them. The practice has also become common among students as most young individuals get access to technological devices such as phones and laptops. Cowie (2011) reiterates that cyber bullying has diverse emotional effects among most young individuals, as they tend to feel insecure in their environments. In accordance with the findings, Cowie recommends that teachers and parents need to put in place restrictive measures that ensure teenagers are taught how to utilize the technological devices they have access to. This will help them understand the psychological effects emanating from cyber bullying and would be able to control it. This study is crucial as it comes up with the recommendations that can help alleviate the emotional damage arising from continuous cyber bullying. On the other hand, the study does not fully point out the changing psychological effects of cyber bullying among specific effects.
In addition, Feinberg and Robey (2010) point out that the practice of cyber bullying can be effectively prevented hence eliminate the chance of increased emotional damage among individuals. In their research, Fenberg and Robey (2010) established that online harassment is fast becoming a common practice and is mainly targeted at adolescents in the society. The ultimate effect of cyber bullying is distress and the feeling of isolation among the victims as it leaves them upset, frightened, and perplexed. The study highlights the fact that crucial interventions can only be adopted in cases where parents and educators understand the practice and the potential times when it is bound to happen. One of the most crucial intervention strategies to prevent cyber bullying and its associated psychological effects is keeping computers in viewable places such as the living room. This will help prevent the continuous engagement of youths in the practice. Additionally, Feinberg and Robey (2010) suggest that cyber bullying and the psychological effects would be prevented by inserting parenting controls that help control the practice. The research concludes that cyber bullying has the potential of causing irreparable psychological consequences among teenagers and initial measures should be put in place to prevent its occurrence and the subsequent effects. The research has a clear outline of the intervention measures that can be adopted by parents and those that can be adopted by educators to prevent cyber bullying and the psychological effects attached to it.
Cyber bullying has severe effects on the mental health of most victims. O’Brien and Moules (2010) utilized participatory research with a mixture of both qualitative and quantitative research methods to collect information from the victims of cyber bullying. They came up with a suggestion that it is always rare for victims to escape cyber bullying because of the increased access to technology by bullies. From the questionnaires issued, the results indicated that most of the victims, 28.3%, were suffered severe mental effects because of cyber bullying and avoided any form of socialization. The mental health suffered by these victims emerged from the fact that they felt tortured by the harassments on social sites and other internet outlets. Additionally, participants from the female gender tended to have suffered excessive mental effects because of cyber bullying. This also witnessed a decrease in their self-esteem and the decision to keep of social places and the social media. O’Brien and Moules (2010) affirm that victims can evade cyber bullying by blocking the emails or contacts of bullies and reporting any forms of cyber bullying incidents to the appropriate authorities. The conclusion of this study underscores the fact that cyber bullying is destructive to human mental health and should be significantly controlled to avoid such psychological effects.
In their study, Sahin, Aydin, and Volkan (2010) aimed at establishing the relationship between cyber bullying, cyber victimization, and the psychological symptoms associated with the practice. They utilized 300 participants in the study with the aim of achieving the best results possible. The results of the study indicated that there was an enormous relationship between cyber bullying, cyber victimization, and psychological symptoms among individuals. According to the results, Sahin, Aydin and Volkan (2010) affirmed that there is some sense of hostility that may be transferred to the victims as they engage in retaliation strategies. Psychological symptoms can be conspicuously noted among victims as they suffer the humiliation associated with cyber bullying. The study also brought to light the fact that being a cyber victim leads to psychological function deficiency and other problematic situations such as anxiety disorder and the fear to socialize. The level of psychological symptoms observed varies among individuals according to their gender and age. The study established that extreme psychological symptoms are observable among adolescent victims who tend to live in fear and frustration of being harassed on the internet. They suggested that there should be increased research to unveil the emerging psychological symptoms of cyber bullying among adolescents. This will play an assistive role in putting in place superb measures to curb the practice of cyber bullying hence controlling the psychological symptoms.
Lastly, the research by Hinduja and Patchin (2011) aimed at pointing out the psychological and emotional consequences of cyber bullying among individuals. They defined cyber bullying as the repeated harm inflicted using technological devices such as mobile phones and computers. Cyber bullying does not have a physical effect on an individual, but leads to emotional and psychological damage that may not be easy to control among individuals. The results indicated the view that 8% of the participants admitted to have attempted suicide because of the emotional damage they differed from cyber bullying at some point in their lives. The extreme psychological effects caused by cyber bullying lead to vengeful acts among most male victims and they tend to pick up easy quarrels with other people to overcome the piling stresses emerging from cyber bullying. Hinduja and Patchin (2011) affirmed that the General Strain Theory should be adopted in understanding the emotional and psychological consequences of cyber bullying among adolescents. This is the only way that these individuals would be saved from going to the extent of planning suicides and other undesirable acts. The research is crucial because of its clarity on the fact that the psychological effects of cyber bullying are severe and could lead to a total life change among individuals. Therefore, continuous steps must be taken to bring criminals to book and counsel the affected parties.
In conclusion, the existing literature on cyber bullying and psychological effects brings out a clear explanation of some of the psychological problems that victims might suffer. Additionally, there is information on the interventions that should be adopted to prevent cyber bullying and the subsequent psychological effects. Parents and educators should be willing to work together to control the use of technological devices among adolescents as the practice is more prevalent among these individuals.
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